Electronic mail (English, noun)

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Term or phrase electronic mail
Language English
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Function in sentence or vocabulary noun
If an appropriate function is not listed, please suggest one
Abbreviation, acronym, or initialism e-mail
Sources of information in print Daintith, John, and Elizabeth Martin, eds., A Dictionary of Science, 6th ed. (New York: Oxford University Press, 2010), s.v. “electronic mail (e-mail), Garner, Bryan A., Garner’s Modern English Usage, 4th ed. (New York: Oxford University Press, 2016), s.v. "e-mail, E-mail, email"
Sources of information online
Abbreviation, acronym, or initialism email
Sources of information in print Chandler, Daniel, and Rod Munday, A Dictionary of Media and Communication (New York: Oxford University Press, 2011), s.v. "email (electronic mail)", Garner, Bryan A., Garner’s Modern English Usage, 4th ed. (New York: Oxford University Press, 2016), s.v. "e-mail, E-mail, email"
Sources of information online
Abbreviation, acronym, or initialism E-mail
Sources of information in print Garner, Bryan A., Garner’s Modern English Usage, 4th ed. (New York: Oxford University Press, 2016), s.v. "e-mail, E-mail, email"
Sources of information online
Description of origin, manner, or change of usage The first email system appeared in 1965, linking users of the same mainframe computer.
Is the text of the description a quotation or a paraphrase of the source? quotation
Was the source of the description in print? If so, insert the source here. Chandler, Daniel, and Rod Munday, A Dictionary of Media and Communication (New York: Oxford University Press, 2011), s.v. "email (electronic mail)"
Or was the source of the description online? If so, insert the source here.
Century CE or BCE of origin, manner, or change of usage
Relevant years CE or BCE 1965 CE
Relevant geographic areas
Relevant languages
Relevant terms and phrases email, system, link, user, mainframe, computer, mainframe computer
Relevant individuals
Relevant organizations
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Relevant periodicals, newsletters, journals, and similar publications
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Description of origin, manner, or change of usage Since the 1990s, e-mail has remained the prevalent form in print sources. The letter e — short for electronic — is sometimes capitalized, but the trend is to make it lowercase. The unhyphenated email is unsightly, but it might prevail in the end. In print sources, e-mail is almost twice as common as email. Ultimately, the hyphen may well disappear — since that is what midword hyphens tend to do — but for the time being it is more than holding its own.
Is the text of the description a quotation or a paraphrase of the source? quotation
Was the source of the description in print? If so, insert the source here. Garner, Bryan A., Garner’s Modern English Usage, 4th ed. (New York: Oxford University Press, 2016), s.v. "e-mail, E-mail, email"
Or was the source of the description online? If so, insert the source here.
Century CE or BCE of origin, manner, or change of usage
Relevant years CE or BCE 1990 CE
Relevant geographic areas
Relevant languages English
Relevant terms and phrases e-, mail, e-mail, E-mail, email, prevalent, form, print, source, electronic, capitalize, trend, lowercase, un-, hyphenate, unsightly, prevail, hyphen, disappear, mid-, word
Relevant individuals
Relevant organizations
Relevant books
Relevant websites and blogs
Relevant articles, blog entries, editorials, essays, graphics, interviews, and other content
Relevant periodicals, newsletters, journals, and similar publications
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Relevant constitutions, treaties, conventions, statutes, legislation, judicial decisions, regulations, proclamations, or other sources or enactments of law


Description of origin, manner, or change of usage A form of electronic mail which could be sent to different computers over ARPAnet, devised in 1971 by the computer programmer Ray Tomlinson.
Is the text of the description a quotation or a paraphrase of the source? quotation
Was the source of the description in print? If so, insert the source here. Chandler, Daniel, and Rod Munday, A Dictionary of Media and Communication (New York: Oxford University Press, 2011), s.v. "email (electronic mail)"
Or was the source of the description online? If so, insert the source here.
Century CE or BCE of origin, manner, or change of usage
Relevant years CE or BCE 1971 CE
Relevant geographic areas
Relevant languages
Relevant terms and phrases electronic, mail, send, ARPAnet, computer, computer programmer
Relevant individuals Ray Tomlinson
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Relevant books
Relevant websites and blogs
Relevant articles, blog entries, editorials, essays, graphics, interviews, and other content
Relevant periodicals, newsletters, journals, and similar publications
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Definition Messages, documents, etc., sent between users of computer systems, the computer systems being used to transport and hold the e-mail. The service itself is also referred to as electronic mail. The sender and recipient(s) need not be at their computers at the same time to communicate, and the computer systems may be situated worldwide. The sender creates an e-mail by means of a mail-sending computer program, and a mail transport system then takes responsibility for delivering the e-mail to the indicated address(es).
Dialects or regional variations
Is the text of the definition a quotation or a paraphrase of the source? quotation
Source of definition in print Daintith, John, and Elizabeth Martin, eds., A Dictionary of Science, 6th ed. (New York: Oxford University Press, 2010), s.v. “electronic mail (e-mail)
Significant terms and phrases message, document, send, user, computer, system, transport, service, computer system, sender, recipient, communicate, worldwide, program, deliver, computer program, address
Definition A software application which allows users to communicate through typed messages, sent from computer to computer over the internet.
Dialects or regional variations
Is the text of the definition a quotation or a paraphrase of the source? quotation
Source of definition in print Chandler, Daniel, and Rod Munday, A Dictionary of Media and Communication (New York: Oxford University Press, 2011), s.v. "email (electronic mail)" (internal reference omitted)
Significant terms and phrases software, application, user, type, message, send, software application, communicate, computer, Internet
Definition A form of interpersonal, group, and mass communication characterized by being text-based, instantaneous, and asynchronous.
Dialects or regional variations
Is the text of the definition a quotation or a paraphrase of the source? quotation
Source of definition in print Chandler, Daniel, and Rod Munday, A Dictionary of Media and Communication (New York: Oxford University Press, 2011), s.v. "email (electronic mail)" (internal references omitted)
Significant terms and phrases interpersonal, group, characterize, text, base, interpersonal communication, group communication, mass communication, communication, text-based, instantaneous, asynchronous

Connections to this term or phrase

The following pages have some connection to "electronic mail": National Research and Education Network (English, noun), Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (English, noun).

The following pages include "electronic mail" as an antecedent term or phrase: .

The following pages include "electronic mail" as a synonym: .

The following pages include "electronic mail" as a translation equivalent: .

The following pages have some connection to "e-mail": Electronic mail (English, noun), Spam (English, noun), Spam (English, verb).

The following pages include "e-mail" as an antecedent term or phrase: .

The following pages include "e-mail" as a synonym: .

The following pages include "e-mail" as a translation equivalent: .

The following pages have some connection to "email": Electronic mail (English, noun), Spam (English, noun), Spam (English, verb).

The following pages include "email" as an antecedent term or phrase: .

The following pages include "email" as a synonym: .

The following pages include "email" as a translation equivalent: .

The following pages have some connection to "E-mail": Electronic mail (English, noun).

The following pages include "E-mail" as an antecedent term or phrase: .

The following pages include "E-mail" as a synonym: .

The following pages include "E-mail" as a translation equivalent: .

email +, system +, link +, user +, mainframe +, computer +, mainframe computer +, e- +, mail +, e-mail +, E-mail +, prevalent +, form +, print +, source +, electronic +, capitalize +, trend +, lowercase +, un- +, hyphenate +, unsightly +, prevail +, hyphen +, disappear +, mid- +, word +, send +, ARPAnet +, computer programmer +, message +, document +, transport +, service +, computer system +, sender +, recipient +, communicate +, worldwide +, program +, deliver +, computer program +, address +, software +, application +, type +, software application +, Internet +, interpersonal +, group +, characterize +, text +, base +, interpersonal communication +, group communication +, mass communication +, communication +, text-based +, instantaneous +  and asynchronous +
Messages, documents, etc., sent between usMessages, documents, etc., sent between users of computer systems, the computer systems being used to transport and hold the e-mail. The service itself is also referred to as electronic mail. The sender and recipient(s) need not be at their computers at the same time to communicate, and the computer systems may be situated worldwide. The sender creates an e-mail by means of a mail-sending computer program, and a mail transport system then takes responsibility for delivering the e-mail to the indicated address(es).g the e-mail to the indicated address(es). +, A software application which allows users to communicate through typed messages, sent from computer to computer over the internet. +  and A form of interpersonal, group, and mass communication characterized by being text-based, instantaneous, and asynchronous. +
The first email system appeared in 1965, linking users of the same mainframe computer. +, Since the 1990s, e-mail has remained tSince the 1990s, e-mail has remained the prevalent form in print sources. The letter e — short for electronic — is sometimes capitalized, but the trend is to make it lowercase. The unhyphenated email is unsightly, but it might prevail in the end. In print sources, e-mail is almost twice as common as email. Ultimately, the hyphen may well disappear — since that is what midword hyphens tend to do — but for the time being it is more than holding its own.ime being it is more than holding its own. +  and A form of electronic mail which could be sent to different computers over ARPAnet, devised in 1971 by the computer programmer Ray Tomlinson. +
Daintith, John, and Elizabeth Martin, eds., A Dictionary of Science, 6th ed. (New York: Oxford University Press, 2010), s.v. “electronic mail (e-mail) +, Garner, Bryan A., Garner’s Modern English Usage, 4th ed. (New York: Oxford University Press, 2016), s.v. "e-mail, E-mail, email" +, Chandler, Daniel, and Rod Munday, A Dictionary of Media and Communication (New York: Oxford University Press, 2011), s.v. "email (electronic mail)" +, Chandler, Daniel, and Rod Munday, A Dictionary of Media and Communication (New York: Oxford University Press, 2011), s.v. "email (electronic mail)" (internal reference omitted) +  and Chandler, Daniel, and Rod Munday, A Dictionary of Media and Communication (New York: Oxford University Press, 2011), s.v. "email (electronic mail)" (internal references omitted) +
1965 CE +, 1990 CE +  and 1971 CE +
electronic mail +, e-mail +, email +  and E-mail +